AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

 

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

It is estimated that 2% of all individuals reported having varying frequencies of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autism Spectrum Disorders include Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. ASD, if left untreated or undiagnosed, results in significant impairments, disabilities and behavioural abnormalities that can make normal everyday functioning impossible.

Autism does not have a single overlying cause but the most common factor in growing up with a form of Autism is through heritability, with 15% of cases being due to some form of genetic mutation, and up to 37% total from genetics. Additionally, Autism can also be through a combination of environmental factors such as advanced parental age, or low birth weight. Typically the first signs and symptoms of Autism arise in infancy before the age of 3 and in many cases before the age of 2. A child will show symptoms of disengagement, indifference, and high focus on one item for long periods of time. Often the child lacks interest in playing with other kids and displays a poor understanding of social boundaries and norms.  Furthermore, abilities to express self verbally (language delay) and comprehending non-verbal communication are commonly lacking.

As they grow older, individuals dealing with varying severities of Autism Spectrum Disorder will have a number of difficulties. In particular, these difficulties are seen in social/communication domains and may include:

  • Lack of social and communication abilities resulting in difficulties learning through social interaction or working with peers

  • Inability to find or maintain employment as a result of social difficulties

  • Difficulties socializing and picking up on social cues in conversations

  • Difficulties forming friendships or relationships

An individual dealing with Autism Spectrum Disorder will have many challenges in living a healthy, normal life, especially those individuals who have more severe symptoms. In some cases, these individuals will need lifelong assistance in order to cope with their condition. If Autism is left untreated, it can result in extreme difficulties and inabilities to live a lifelong and prosperous life.

Common symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder include:

  • Anxiety or worry

  • Fears or phobias

  • Social or communicative difficulties

  • Mood fluctuations and dysregulation

  • Repetitive speech and behaviour

  • Difficulties in learning

  • Sensory (tactile, auditory, visual) processing challenges

  • Black and white thinking along with rigidity

Commonly, individuals with ASD suffer from Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder and/or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, which need to be treated simultaneously.

Treatments for Autism:

Autism exists on a spectrum, with individuals having varying degrees of severity of the condition. However, from mild to severe symptoms, an individual will have plentiful options for treatment. At Elumind, in addition to medication advice, we offer some of the most effective and the least harmful treatments such as Nutrition Counselling, Life Coaching, Neurofeedback, and various forms of Psychotherapy. Furthermore, we optimize nutrition and help with medication if necessary. We ensure that the client suffering from ASD receives countless solutions to alleviate the burdens of ASD off her/his shoulders.

 
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